April 2019

 

NEW -  Important Information for Investigators with International Collaborations

Catalyst Renders Nerve Agents Harmless

A team of scientists including researchers at Stony Brook University and Brookhaven National Laboratory has studied a catalyst that decomposes nerve agents, eliminating their harmful and lethal effects. The research was published Friday, April 19, in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters.

“Our work is part of an ongoing, multiagency effort to protect soldiers and civilians from chemical warfare agents (CWAs),” said Anatoly Frenkel, a physicist with a joint appointment at Brookhaven Lab and the College of Engineering and Applied Sciences at Stony Brook University and the lead author on the paper. “The research requires us to understand molecular interactions on a very small scale, and to develop special characterization methods that are capable of observing those interactions. It is a very complex set of problems that also has a very immediate societal impact.”

Since CWAs were first used in World War I, scientists have been testing multiple methods of mitigating their toxic effects. One of the most common methods is filtration—using an absorbent material, like a sponge, that would prevent the chemicals from spreading.

“The usefulness of the filtration method is limited, because once a filter reaches its capacity, it needs to be regenerated, removed, or replaced,” Frenkel said. “We believe a better approach would be to decompose the CWA with a catalyst, making the chemical harmless, while reusing the catalyst afterwards.”

To dive deeper into this approach, the research team focused on the decontamination of sarin, a nerve agent that prevents muscles from contracting and relaxing. Sarin inhibits an important enzyme in the body that plays a critical role in transmitting neuronal signals to the muscles. If those signals are compromised, muscles remain in the contracted form, which becomes fatal as key muscles, such as the heart, are unable to move.

“Our focus is to develop smart air filters that destroy sarin before the molecules even reach an individual,” said Virginia Tech scientist John Morris, who assembled the research team. “New catalysts that actively decompose toxins in the air would be used to protect both soldiers and civilians from the devastating effects of chemical warfare.”

To make the decomposition method effective, the researchers needed to identify a catalyst that could break down sarin efficiently, but also one that has longevity—a catalyst that would not be inhibited too quickly or create a reaction product that would block active sites and render the catalyst ineffective.

In previous studies, chemists identified a group of materials called polyoxometalates (POMs) as a good candidate for decomposing nerve agents. Now, Frenkel and his team have tested a unique material, prepared by team members from Emory University, that has zirconium atoms connecting two POM molecules together.

“To identify why a catalyst works, you have to find its active site,” Frenkel said. “We hypothesized that the isolated zirconium atoms were the active sites for this catalyst. To test that theory, we analyzed the material not just by one method, but by many characterization techniques—a multimodal approach that enabled us to isolate the active molecules from ones that are not changing during the reaction.”

Additionally, their experiments were conducted under the real-life conditions in which sarin would be found—the gas phase. Previous research on POM catalysts for CWA decontamination had only been conducted in the liquid phase.

All the experiments were conducted using a harmless sarin gas simulant. “It is important to recognize that hazardous materials like nerve gases cannot be easily studied in conventional research facilities, such as Brookhaven Lab,” Frenkel said. “So, in the field of CWA decontamination research, scientists do not work with real nerve agents but with simulants that mimic their activity without causing harm.”

New Inventor Portal Will Protect and Facilitate Faculty Discoveries

A new digital portal for inventors, designed to facilitate the protection and disclosure of discoveries by Stony Brook innovators, will be launched April 26 to coincide with World Intellectual Property Day (#WorldIPDay).

The online service, provided by the Office of Technology Licensing and Industry Relations (OTLIR), will assist researchers by streamlining the process of licensing inventions.

“We consider the protection of intellectual property of Stony Book inventors and the promotion of technology commercialization as essential for supporting the integrity and vitality of the Stony Brook innovation ecosystem,” said Richard J. Reeder, Vice President for Research at Stony Brook University and Operations Manager for the SUNY Research Foundation.

“With the new Online Inventor Portal, critical processes become easier and faster, ” Reeder said.

The Online Inventor Portal will allow faculty inventors to:

  • create, route, submit, view status and digitally sign technology invention disclosures online;
  • give co-creators rights to review, edit, and approve disclosures before submission;
  • access portal functionality from any browser;
  • view historical invention disclosures and intellectual property related to inventions; and
  • communicate directly with the OTLIR in a “Remarks Section.”

World IP Day is an annual celebration sponsored by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) to build awareness about the role that intellectual property rights play in encouraging innovation and creativity.

Questions about the service should be directed to OTLIR at 631-632-9009 or sbu_ntd@stonybrook.edu.

NIH Salary Cap Increase

Since 1990, Congress has legislatively mandated a limitation on direct salary for individuals under NIH grant and cooperative agreement awards (referred to here as a grant).  The mandate appears in The Department of Defense and Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations Act, 2019 (Public Law 115-245), signed into law on September 28, 2018, which provides authority for NIH to incur obligations for FY 19.

The Department of Defense and Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations Act, 2019, restricts the amount of direct salary to Executive Level II of the Federal Executive pay scale.  The Office of Personnel Management has recently released new salary levels for the Executive Pay Scale.  Effective January 6, 2019, the salary limitation for Executive Level II is $192,300.

For awards issued in those years that were restricted to Executive Level II (see historical record of salary cap link below), including competing awards already issued in FY2019, if adequate funds are available in active awards, and if the salary cap increase is consistent with the institutional base salary, grantees may rebudget funds to accommodate the current Executive Level II salary level.  However, no additional funds will be provided to these grant awards.

For a historical record of the salary cap, including effective dates, see: https://grants.nih.gov/grants/policy/salcap_summary.htm

Adobe Reader Version Compatibility with Grants.gov

Grants.gov User:

On May 1, 2019, Adobe Reader Version 9 will no longer be compatible for use with Grants.gov Workspace PDF forms.

This is a reminder to keep your (free) Adobe Acrobat Reader software up-to-date. Remember, also, that applicants may now opt to use browser-based online forms, instead of PDF forms.

We recognize that some individuals and organizations may not be able to install the latest versions due to compatibility concerns with other software or organizational IT policies.

For more information on compatible versions of Adobe Reader software for use with Grants.gov, please review our Adobe Software Compatibility page. There, you can verify the compatibility of your version of Adobe Reader for use with Grants.gov Workspace PDF forms.

Regards,

The Grants.gov Program Management Office

Learn more about Grants.gov Adobe Reader compatibility

Top Argumentative Topics for Research Papers in College Secrets

Argumentative Topics for Research Papers in College - Overview

To start with, you should keep in mind that a research paper is an official paper. The last portion of the research paper would need to be the presentation of the findings followed by the limitation of the analysis and recommendations for future studies on the subject. The research paper provides you with the chance to think seriously about some situation. bestresearchpaper.com/

Don't forget your controversial research paper won't fix the matter, it's required to teach you to have a look at the problem from all the sides possible and hold the discussion. Argumentative research paper topics are a ton a lot easier to find than to produce. Writing a college argumentative research paper isn't as simple as it may appear at first.

If a teacher doesn't assign a particular research paper topic, it usually means you may think of your own idea. Well, grading papers are often quite dull. To write a strong argumentative essay, they should begin by familiarizing themselves with some of the common, and often conflicting, positions on the research topic so that they can write an informed paper.

Also remember just because there's research that is intriguing and is closely linked to your topic it doesn't indicate that it necessarily belongs in your paper. Once you brainstorm potential paper ideas, it is sensible to do a literature review in order to find out more about the analysis area. A vague topic will be difficult to comprehend also stop you from having a consistent research paper.

The consequence of the appropriate therapy is a better knowledge of self and new advice on how a patient may overcome different stressful life conditions. Among the most prevalent issues in our world today is the matter of deforestation. Essentially, it connects your evidence to your primary argument.

If you like science, you're guaranteed to talk non-stop about it. You're a true topic enthusiast! Controversial research topics can be quite useful as they might spark interest in related matters.

English language classes usually need a lot of writing. Frequently, students find it tricky to decide on the proper topic for their research. Quite frequently, they get assigned academic research.

What You Don't Know About Argumentative Topics for Research Papers in College

You must find the research to demonstrate your opinion is the right view of the topic. When you choose a topic, make certain you select a well-defined, controversial matter. When you choose a research topic, make certain it is one which you understand and have a firm grasp on.

The main purpose of papers about nature vs nurture is to supply you with the gist of research paper writer this issue and broaden your outlook. There are plenty of procedures that may help you to pick a topic. You must be affirmative once you state the argument topic.

Take into consideration the topic that you're really passionate about. Before studying the top rated informative essay topics, it is necessary to ask what makes an excellent topic. You have to be certain to understand everything clearly once you go for an essay topic.

Argumentative Topics for Research Papers in College for Dummies

As a way to select an intriguing topic, which will demonstrate your finest talents, you ought to keep reading. You'll quickly discover that a tiny discussion can go quite a distance. Finding the most suitable arguments can help you prove your point and win.

You'll also check if you've got the equally powerful opposing viewpoint. It's possible to also restate the ideas that you've discussed in the body paragraphs in order to make your point valid. The ideas provided above are extremely different.

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Argumentative Topics for Research Papers in College Can Be Fun for Everyone

How can you shape your writing. Since it's an argumentative type of essay, be sure your topic is arguable. Now, if you would like to perfect your argumentative essay writing skills, then you should take part in extracurricular essay writing practice.

Or when you have already composed an argumentative essay outline but aren't sure whether you did it correctly, we are here in order to help you too. The ideal topic for your essay is one which is aligned with your subject of study. An argumentative essay is a certain kind of academic writing.

In reality, when you have experience of writing essays it's not so tricky to make an argumentative one, as the most significant task is to think, conclude and influence. An excellent essay program needs to be mapped so as to know the direction of the essay for a young age. Traditionally, proposal essay doesn't differ from other essay types when it comes to structure.

Argumentative Topics for Research Papers in College Fundamentals Explained

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Who is Concerned About Edu Science Solar Eclipse Sun Catcher Binocular and Why You Should Pay Attention

Most Noticeable Edu Science Solar Eclipse Sun Catcher Binocular

The mobs will begin research papers writing to rush at you in lines, and you may quickly finish off the full line of enemies with a couple strokes of your weapon. Millions of people may want to capture the moment. A complete solar eclipse occurs when the moon completely covers the surface of the sun from the point of view of someplace on the face of the Earth.

Before and after the eclipse, once the moon isn't completely blocking the sun, it's www.bestresearchpaper.com/ important to get some kind of protective eyewear to prevent damage to your eyes. Get to a flat region and acquire a weapon that could attack a number of enemies, like the Paladin's Hammer or the Piranha Gun. When looking at sunlight, safety is essential.

In Germany, the start of the eclipse was visible just at sunset just in the extreme northwest of the nation. The table below shows the times once the eclipse will reach its maximum for a number of significant cities, in addition to the maximum obscuration, or the proportion of the sun's disk which will be dealt with by the moon. Partial Eclipse are generally visiable in a broad area of the planet.

The Total Solar Eclipse's major challenge is that you can't see anything besides a little glow around you. In addition, a lunar eclipse can be viewed from a larger part of the Earth. An annular eclipse happens when the moon passes in the front of the sun but because of the simple fact that the moon can be further from the earth it appears too small to completely cover the disk of the sun.

In case you haven't started preparing to find the eclipse, the opportunity to begin is now. The eclipse is now a not-to-be-missed event since it's happening for the very first time in 99 decades. The 2017 solar eclipse is currently history.

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An option is to watch the eclipse through a pinhole projector. Many people might be tempted to use improvised solar filters to look at the eclipse. Employing knowledge about sunlight and its movement plus mathematical models and the https://www.commerce.gov/page/about-commerce aid of many supercomputers, the organization has created some rather cool illustrations to predict that which we will see.

Most new models of smartphones today will have the ability to capture the exact same image. You may also see the progress of a partial solar eclipse working with a pinhole camera. If you're looking for a DIY solar eclipse viewer a pinhole projector is a secure but indirect approach to look at a solar eclipse.

Edu Science Solar Eclipse Sun Catcher Binocular: No Longer a Mystery

It is going to also be visible from some regions of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. It's the very first solar eclipse visible from the USA since 1979 and the very first to cross the whole continent in 99 decades. On Monday August 21, people across the united states are going to have the opportunity to witness a complete solar eclipse.

NASA EDGE will also be in possession of a live stream available. While solar eclipses occur about twice annually, they generally aren't visible to large parts of the Earth, Eiler stated. Visible over Indonesia and portions of the Pacific Ocean, this whole solar eclipse is going to be the just one in 2016.

If you don't happen to reside in those areas of the planet, however, you may still catch the cosmic show. The solar eclipse is a great chance for kids and adults to experience one of nature's best spectacles. It is a good idea to break free from your home so the mobs do not go following your NPCs.

It provides you with tremendous insight in your place in the cosmos. This trail is known as the path of totality. You may choose to think about finding somewhere to stay that's just outside the course of totality to find superior prices.

The 30-Second Trick for Edu Science Solar Eclipse Sun Catcher Binocular

By tracking this intricate movement, scientists can predict the moment, place, duration and kind of eclipse. It's possible for you to become too many or none in any respect. It's so far from the realm of routine experience.

Northeast Colorado will be exceedingly near the path. The business has partnered with over two dozen observatories all over the planet, permitting them to record and stream almost any astronomical event. Like residents in other metro Atlanta counties, people dwelling in North Fulton will need to travel several miles to go through the overall eclipse.

The viewing window will enable you to start looking in the tube to find the image of the sun formed at the back of the tube, states Fulco. One of the greatest methods to see the eclipse is to just have a bit of paper heavier paper like construction paper is best and poke a hole in it using a paperclip. The important thing is to diffuse the light.

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The event is going to be witnessed by millions of children across the nation, all of whom are in danger of solar retinopathy. Solar eclipses, on the flip side, are more rare and if they do happen can only be observed by a really narrow segment of people on Earth, for a quick time. There's a fee for parking.

So, there's one key word which you want to do your homework on Eyewear! If you're likely to watch a solar eclipse, you must wear exceptional glasses. You can also get special eclipse glasses, made from solar filters, in the all-natural history museum's gift shop or on the internet.

For the last few weeks, Francis had tried to locate a pair of glasses online. The initial 200 people will get free Solar Eclipse viewing glasses. They are going to have telescopes and binoculars on hand in addition to presentations to learn more regarding the event.

Revised Procedures for Non-Disclosure Agreements (NDA)

In an effort to reduce the time from request to execution of all clinical trial-related non-disclosure agreements (NDA) the Office of Technology Licensing and Industry Relations (OTLIR) has revised the procedure by which all clinical trial-related NDAs are being processed.  OTLIR thanks you for your compliance with the following procedure.  

1- Effective immediately, all requests for clinical trial-related NDAs must be sent to sbu_nda@stonybrook.edu along with an editable copy of the NDA and the name of the clinician that will be receiving confidential information under the NDA.  Please note, that if sbu_nda@stonybrook.edu is not copied on your request, your agreement may not be processed in a timely fashion.  

2- Effective Monday, March 18, 2019, clinicians will no longer be required to sign clinical trial-related NDAs as "read and understood" or "read and acknowledged."  However, the appropriate clinician will be copied on OTLIR correspondence reporting/providing a copy of the fully-executed clinical trial NDA.  Note this pertains only to clinical trial NDAs, not to other NDAs, which still require a "read and understood' acknowledgement.

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